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Year: 2016  Vol. 20   Num. 3  - Julyy/Sept
DOI: 10.1055/s-0035-1570313
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Original Article
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Quality of Life and Gait in Elderly Group
Author(s):
Carlos Kazuo Taguchi, Jacqueline Pitanga Teixeira, Lucas Vieira Alves, Priscila Feliciano Oliveira, Oscar Felipe Falc„o Raposo
Key words:
aged - gait - postural balance - accidental falls
Abstract:

Introduction The process of aging could lead to seniors being more prone to falls, which affects their quality of life.

Objective The objective of this study is to investigate the relationship between quality of life and gait in the elderly.

Methods We used World Health Organization Quality of Life-Brief (WHOQOL-Brief) Brazilian version and the Dynamic Gait Index to assess fifty-six volunteers from the northeast of Brazil. Ages ranged from 60 to 85 years.

Results The Dynamic Gait Index, which indicates the probability of falls, resulted in 36.3% of the sample presenting abnormal results. There was correlation between domain 2 (psychological) and domain 4 (environment) with domain 1(Physical) and domain 3 (Social); a negative correlation between age and Domain 2; correlation between Question 1 (How would you rate your quality of life?) and domains 1, 2, and 4 and no correlation between questions 1 and 2 (How satisfied are you with your health?). Question 2 was correlated with all of the domains. There was negative association between question 1 and falls, and a slight correlation between the Dynamic Gait Index scores and Question 1.

Conclusion The self-perception of the study group about their quality of life was either good or very good, even though a considerable percentage of individuals had suffered falls or reported gait disturbances.

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