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Year: 2016  Vol. 20   Num. 3  - Julyy/Sept
DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1581091
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Original Article
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Minimally Invasive Surgery for Intracochlear Schwannoma Removal and Simultaneous Cochlear Implantation
Author(s):
Ricardo Ferreira Bento, Eloisa Maria Mello Santiago Gebrim, Ana Tereza de Matos Magalh„es, Larissa Vilela Pereira, Anna Carolina de Oliveira Fonseca
Key words:
cochlea - intracochlear schwannoma - hearing loss - hearing rehabilitation - cochlear implantation
Abstract:

Introduction Hearing preservation has not yet been reported in patients undergoing resection of intracochlear schwannomas. This study describes a minimally invasive procedure for intracochlear schwannoma resection with simultaneous cochlear implantation that resulted in good hearing.

Objective This study aims to describe a minimally invasive procedure for intracochlear schwannoma resection with simultaneous cochlear implantation.

Data Synthesis The technique described in this study was developed for a 55-year-old male with a 20-year history of bilateral progressive hearing loss and tinnitus that had a mass in the left apical turn of the cochlea measuring 0.3 cm. Surgery accessed the apical turn of the cochlea. We performed mastoidectomy and posterior tympanotomy and removed incus and tensor tympani muscle to expose the cochlear apex. The tumor was identified and completely resected. After the cochlea was anatomically preserved, it was implanted with a straight electrode via round window insertion. The histopathological examination confirmed intracochlear schwannoma. Speech perception test revealed 100% speech recognition with closed sentences and the average audiometric threshold (500 to 2000 Hz) was 23 dB.

Conclusion Our technique led to rehabilitation of the patient and improved hearing without damaging the intracochlear structure, making it possible to perform CI in the same procedure with good results.

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