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Year: 2022  Vol. 26   Num. 4  - Jan/Mar
DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1740156
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Original Article
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Adjunctive Middle Turbinectomy for Endoscopic Medial Orbital Wall - Thyroid Eye Disease Decompression
Author(s):
Andrea A. Tooley, Matthew Kim, Ann Q. Tran, Michael Kazim, David A. Gudis
Key words:
Middle turbinate - orbital decompression - thyroid eye disease
Abstract:

Introduction Middle turbinate resection (MTR) is commonly performed during endonasal endoscopic sinus and skull base surgery.

Objective The purpose of this study was to characterize the additional orbital soft-tissue volume expansion during endoscopic medial orbital wall decompression with adjunctive MTR.

Methods A retrospective review of patients who underwent endoscopic medial wall decompression with MTR was performed. The imaging software AW (GE Healthcare, Chicago, IL, USA) was used to overlay pre and postoperative orbital computed tomography (CT) images to visualize the preoperative position of the middle turbinate and the postoperative orbital soft tissue in the ethmoid bed. The imaging software Vitrea (Vital Images Inc., Minnetonka, MN, USA) was used to manually segment postoperative scans to determine the volume of orbital tissue which had filled the space previously occupied by the middle turbinate or medial to it.

Results Nine orbits from 5 patients were included in this study; all patients were female with a history of hyperthyroidism. The average age was 55.6 years (range 32-74). Of the 9 orbits, 7 (78%) had orbital soft tissue within the space of the resected middle turbinate postoperatively. The average volume of orbital tissue within or medial to this space was 0.83 +/− 0.67 cc. No patients had any postoperative complications.

Conclusions In this patient cohort, adjunctive middle turbinate resection for endoscopic medial orbital wall decompression added ∼ 0.83 cc of volume for orbital soft tissue after medial wall decompression. Middle turbinate resection is a useful adjunct to the orbital surgeon's armamentarium to augment the results of a medial orbital decompression for select patients.

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