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Year: 2022  Vol. 26   Num. 4  - Oct/Dec
DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1745856
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Original Article
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The Induction of Hypothyroidism during Gestation Decreases Outer Hair Cell Motility in Rat Offspring
Author(s):
Priscila Feliciano de Oliveira, Beatriz Barros Santos Trindade, Paloma Fonseca Martins Reis, Tâmara Figueiredo do Carmo Santos, Julio Cesar Santana Alves, Demetrius Silva de Santana, Daniel Badauê-Passos Junior
Key words:
congenital hypothyroidism - cochlea - hearing loss
Abstract:

Introduction Perinatal hypothyroidism has a negative repercussion on the development and maturation of auditory system function. However, its long-term effect on auditory function remains unsettled.

Objective To evaluate the effect of prenatal hypothyroidism on the auditory function of adult offspring in rats.

Methods Pregnant Wistar rats were given the antithyroid drug methimazole (0.02% -1-methylimidazole-2-thiol- MMI) in drinking water, ad libitum, from gestational day (GD) 9 to postnatal day 15 (PND15). Anesthetized offspring from MMI-treated dams (OMTD) and control rats were evaluated by tympanometry, distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE), and auditory brainstem response (ABR) at PNDs 30, 60, 90, and 120.

Results Our data demonstrated no middle ear dysfunction, with the OMTD compliance lower than that of the control group. The DPOAE revealed the absence of outer hair cells function, and the ABR showed normal integrity of neural auditory pathways up to brainstem level in the central nervous system. Furthermore, in the OMTD group, hearing loss was characterized by a higher electrophysiological threshold.

Conclusion Our data suggest that perinatal hypothyroidism leads to irreversible damage to cochlear function in offspring.

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