Objective:To characterize the audiologic findings in carrying patients of chronic renal illness (DRC) with and without tinnitus. Material and Method: Threshold (ATL), otoemissions transient evoked acoustics (EOET) and evoked potential auditory of brainstem had been evaluated with tonal audiometry (PEATE), 101 individuals with DRC, divided in two groups: G1: with tinnitus (n= 49) and G2: without tinnitus (n=52). Results: They had presented auditory deficiency (DA) unilateral or bilateral 33 patients, being 20 (61%) of G1. It had predominance of sensorineural type - 91% (n= 30) and 8% mixing (n=03). How much to the degree, 67% of the ears had light degree (n=33), moderate 20% (n=10), serious 4% (n=02) and deep 8% (n=04). The EOET had been absent unilateral or bilateral in 53% of G1 (n=26) and in 31% of G2 (n=16) (p<0, 05). The PEATE was modified unilateral or bilateral in 37% of G1 (n= 18) and in 42% (n=22) (p>0, 05). The groups had not differed statistical how much to the age (G1= 49 years, dp±11 and G2= 44 years, dp±11) and sort (Feminine: G1: 41% (n=20) and G2: 48% (n=25)/ Masculine: G1: 59% (n=29) and G2: 52% (n=27). The distribution of the groups how much to the type of treatment for the DRC was: hemodialysis: G1: 49% (n=24) and G2: 21% (n=11)/Peritoneal Dialysis: G1: 12% (n=06) and G2: 17% (n=09)/Conservative Treatment: G1: 39% (n= 19) and G2: 62% (n=32) (p<0, 05). Conclusion: The tinnitus complaint was frequent in patients with DRC with sensorineural, independent auditory deficiency of the degree of the auditory loss, otoemissions absent and submitted acoustics to hemodialysis.