Objective : To characterize the audiometric findings in relation to the intelligibility of speaks. Material and Method: They had been submitted to the examination of preliminary tonal audiometry (ATL) patient, of both the genders, with complaint of "I listen, but I do not understand". The examination was carried through in cabin with the audiometer AD229b model of the Interacoustics mark, the register was initiated by the best ear related for the patient in descending method, in the frequencies of 250 8000Hz. Result s: Sixty and six patients, 31 of masculine sex and 35 of the feminine one, with average age of 68 years (dp= ± 11 years). The average of the found tonal thresholds for the right ear in the frequencies of 250, 500, 1000, 2000, 3000, 4000, 6000 and 8000Hz had been respectively: 33dB, 36dB, 39dB, 48dB, 54dB, 61dB, 67dB and 68dB, for the left ear we find respectively: 31dB, 34dB, 38dB, 47dB, 55dB, 63dB, 67dB, 66dB. With regard to the type of auditory loss 97% they had been of sensorineural type and 3% of the mixing type. The curve was typically descending and 32% had buzzed. Concl usion: The complaint of difficulty of intelligibility of speaks was attributed the sensorineural dyacusis of moderate degree, with descending configuration, that is, bigger auditory loss for the acute frequencies, being these the responsible ones for the intelligibility of speaks.