The first eletrocnic Journal of Otolaryngology in the world
ISSN: 1809-9777

E-ISSN: 1809-4864

 
1838 

Year: 2014  Vol. 18   Num. 1  - Jan/Mar - (6º)
DOI: 10.1055/s-0033-1358660
Section: Original Article
 
Sensitivity and Specificity of Portable Hearing Screening in Middle-Aged and Older Adults
Author(s):
Carolina Louise Cardoso, Ângelo José Gonçalves Bós, Andréa Krüger Gonçalves, Maira Rozenfeld Olchik, Leticia Sousa Flores, Bruna Macagnin Seimetz, Magda Aline Bauer, Patricia Pérez Coradini, Adriane Ribeiro Teixeira
Key words:
hearing - mass screening - audiology - older adult - gerontology
Abstract:

Introduction: Hearing screening allows the identification of individuals with hearing loss.

Aim: To determine the sensitivity and specificity of a portable hearing screening device in middle-aged and older adults using the manufacturer scoring and a scoring system proposed by the researchers.

Methods: In this transversal study, participants underwent anamnesis, otoscopy, and hearing screening using portable equipment. After this, a pure tone audiometry was performed, with participants classified into two groups: with and without hearing loss. The sensitivity and specificity of the hearing screening were calculated for the right and left ears using two methods of interpretation: the original method recommended by the manufacturer (criteria 1) and the method proposed by researchers (criteria 2).

Results: The sample consisted of 55 individuals, 83.6% (n = 46) of whom were women. Per criteria 1, the sensitivities were 26.3 (right ear) and 21.4% (left ear). The specificity was 100% for both ears. Using criteria 2, the sensitivity was 94.7 (right ear) and 100% (left ear). The specificity was 74.3 (right ear) and 65.9% (left ear).

Conclusion: This study showed that the criteria proposed by the manufacturer presented low sensitivity in the hearing screening. The criteria proposed by the researchers to achieve a more efficient performance reached high and balanced values for sensitivity and specificity.

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