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Year: 2013  Vol. 17   Num. Suppl. 1  - Print:
THE IMPACT OF TINNITUS AND DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS IN ELDERLY INDIVIDUALS
Author(s):
Audrei Thayse Viegel de vila, Adriane Ribeiro Teixeira, Andra Kruger Gonalves, Bruna Macangnin Seimetz, Letcia Sousa Flores, Magda Aline Bauer
Abstract:

AIM: To analyze the association between tinnitus impact and depressive symptoms in elderly patients. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional and observational study. We evaluated 46 elderly patients, including39 (84.7%) women and 7 (15.2%) men,aged 60-85 years (mean age: 68.8 6.61 years). The Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) method was used to assess the impact of tinnitus. A Geriatric Depression Scale was used to detect thepresence of depressive symptoms. RESULTS: The average score obtained using the THI method was 6.56 14.17 points. Out of the 46 patients, the impact on 42 (91.3%) elderly patients was classified as grade 1 (slight), grade 2 (mild) in 3 (6.5%), and grade 5 (catastrophic) in 1 (2.1%). On the GDS, the average score was 4.91 2.77 points. Twenty-three participants (50%) did not show presence of depressive symptoms, 21 (45.6%) showed mild depressive symptoms, and 2 (4.3%) had severe depressive symptoms. Analysis of the scores obtained using THI and GDS revealed significant association (p = 0.003*) between the 2 scores. CONCLUSION: Based on the above results, in the study group, an association was observed between tinnitus impact and the presence of depressive symptoms in elderly individuals.

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