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Year: 2013  Vol. 17   Num. Suppl. 1  - Print:
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF SPONTANEOUS NAMING OF VERBS AND NOUNS IN CHILDREN
Author(s):
Simone Nicolini de Simoni, Ana Cristina Mello Prates, Joviane Bagolin Bonini, Mrcia Keske-Soares, Marileda Barichello Gubiani, Marizete Ilha Ceron
Abstract:

PURPOSE: To compare the spontaneous naming (SP) of verbs and nouns in relation to phonological acquisition (i.e., typical and atypical), type of school (i.e., public or private), and gender. CASE REPORT: The sample was nonrandom and convenient; 48 children participated who were grouped according to gender, phonological acquisition, and type of school. We tested the SP of 116 words (verbs and nouns) through pictures presented on a computer. The SP was analyzed by comparing the groups. Children on average had a favorable acquisition of verbs (80.5%) and nouns (87.09%). Children in public schools had a higher average correct production of nouns (100%), compared to private school children (88.61%). However, in the production of verbs, the children from private schools correctly produced 88.89% and the children from public schools, 72.20%. Girls and boys have higher production of nouns than verbs (85.18% and 80.56%, respectively, for girls; 89.01% and 80.56%, respectively, for boys). For phonological acquisition, children with typical acquisition had a higher number of correct responses for nouns (89.75%) and verbs (88.46%), compared to children with atypical acquisition (83.95% and 71.21%, respectively) CONCLUSIONS: The production of noun was at a higher rate in most variables that were analyzed. The best performance was in children with typical phonological acquisition, suggesting that nouns are words that are acquired earlier and more frequently in the daily lives of children, thereby facilitating their production, especially in children with typical development.

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