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Year: 2013  Vol. 17   Num. Suppl. 1  - Print:
PROGRESSION OF SPONTANEOUS NAMING OF VERBS AND NOUNS IN RELATION TO AGE
Author(s):
Caroline Rodrigues Portalete, Ana Cristina Mello Prates, Joviane Bagolin Bonini, Mrcia Keske-Soares, Marileda Barichello Gubiani, Marizete Ilha Ceron
Abstract:

PURPOSE: To analyze the acquisition of verbs and nouns in relation to age. Case presentation: The non-random, convenience sample set consisted of 48 children aged between 3 years to 8 years who were divided into 6 age groups. We tested the spontaneous naming of 116 words, including nouns and verbs, by presenting figures to the children on a computer. Because the children were expected to name the desired word spontaneously, key questions like "What is this?" and "What color is this?" were used. We analyzed the progression in the acquisition of verbs and nouns in relation to age. The correct naming of the verbs "scream," "writing," and "blow" progressed from 25% at 3 years to 87.50% at 8 years, from 75% at 3 years to 100% at 8 years, and from 87.50 % at 3 years to 100% at 8 years, respectively. The average values obtained from the study showed a progression from 62.50% accuracy at 3 years to 95.83% at 8 years. Further, we observed an increase in the accuracy of naming nouns according to age; specifically, the average naming value was 73.44% at 3 years and reached 94.14% at 8 years. CONCLUSION: Progression in the production of verbs and nouns occurs in relation to age, and this is due to the language development of the child.

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