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Year: 2014  Vol. 18   Num. 4  - Oct/Dec
DOI: 10.1055/s-0034-1384815
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Original Article
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Physical Activity in the Prevention of Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo: Probable Association
Author(s):
Jssica Aparecida Bazoni, William Siqueira Mendes, Caroline Luiz Meneses-Barriviera, Juliana Jandre Melo, Viviane de Souza Pinho Costa, Denilson de Castro Teixeira, Luciana Lozza de Moraes Marchiori
Key words:
dizziness - aging - exercise
Abstract:

Introduction: Physical inactivity is an important risk factor for many age-related diseases and symptoms such as dizziness and vertigo.

Objective: The aim of the study was to investigate the possible association between benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) and regular physical activity in elderly subjects.

Methods: This cross-sectional study included 491 elderly individuals who lived independently. Physical exercise was assessed through a questionnaire and BPPV by history and the Dix-Hallpike maneuver.

Results: The present study indicates no significant association between BPPV with lack of physical activity in men and in the total population. We have confirmed associations between BPPV with lack of physical activity in women (p = 0.01). Women with a sedentary lifestyle who do not practice physical activity are 2.62 more likely to have BPPV than those with regular physical activity.

Conclusion: These results highlight the importance of identifying risk factors for BPPV that can be modified through specific interventions. Regular physical activity is a lifestyle with potential to decrease the risk of vertigo in women.

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