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Year: 2014  Vol. 18   Num. 4  - Oct/Dec
DOI: 10.1055/s-0033-1364173
Case Report
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Angioleiomyoma of the Nasal Cavity
Milena Moreira Arruda, Daniela Yasbek Monteiro, Atilio Maximino Fernandes, Vanessa Menegatti, Emerson Thomazzi, Ricardo Arthur Hubner, Luiz Guilherme Cernaglia Aureliano de Lima
Key words:
clinical diagnosis - differential diagnosis - leiomyoma - inverted papilloma - nasal cavity - nasal obstruction - vascular leiomyoma - nasal cavity - squamous papilloma - diagnosis

Introduction: Vascular leiomyoma of the nasal cavity is an extremely rare tumor that represents less than 1% of all vascular leiomyomas. It is more prevalent in women between the fourth and sixth decades, reaching primarily the inferior nasal turbinates.

Objectives: Reporting and assisting the systematization of more accurate diagnostic methods in clinical and complementary investigation of vascular leiomyoma in the nasal cavity.

Resumed Report: We present the case of a 49-year-old woman diagnosed with vascular leiomyoma in the nasal cavity, which manifested mainly with nasal obstruction. During investigation, computer tomography was not diagnostic, the cytologic study was not conclusive, and according to the biopsy, it was a squamous papilloma.

Conclusion: We suggest that the technical difficulty in obtaining an adequate amount of material for preoperative biopsy, associated with the topography of the lesion in the vestibular nasal region, may have contributed to changing the postoperative diagnosis. Thus, pathologic study of the surgical fragment is the more accurate method for diagnosis.



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