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Year: 2020  Vol. 24   Num. 1  - Jan/Mar
DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1698780
Original Article
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Profile of Laryngeal Microsurgeries in Patients Over 60 Years Old
Caroline Fernandes Rimoli, Evaldo Dacheux Macedo Filho, Maria Theresa Costa Ramos Oliveira Patrial, Cynthia Fontoura Klas, Giovana Aryane Nascimento
Key words:
Microsurgery - larynx - elderly - squamous cell carcinoma - reinke edema

Introduction The increase in life expectancy is an incentive to the development of researches with the elderly population aiming at actions that may ensure healthy and active aging. Objective To analyze the profile of laryngeal microsurgery performed in patients > 60 years old. Methods A retrospective observational study, with a cross-sectional design. A retrospective analysis of the medical records of elderly patients submitted to laryngeal microsurgery was performed at a private hospital in Curitiba, state of Paran, Brazil, between January 2004 and December 2016. Were included all of the patients > 60 years old that underwent laryngeal microsurgery during this period. Results During the studied period, 213 laryngeal microsurgeries were performed in 181 patients > 60 years old. There was a preponderance of male patients. The mean age was 67.6 years old. Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) was the most prevalent disorder (26%), followed by Reinke edema (20%), papillomatosis (14%), polyps (11%), leukoplakia (8%), minor structural alterations (8%), associated lesions (9%), and others (4%). Men presented a higher probability of SCC diagnosis, regardless of the age group, while Reinke edema was more frequently observed in women. A directly proportional relation between the frequency of laryngeal cancer and age increase was also observed. No significant differences were observed in professional voice users. Conclusion Further researches are required to properly comprehend the factors associated with laryngeal lesions and determine prevention and treatment approaches.



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